Nepali Calendar

Nepali Calendar also known as Nepali Patro is a Bikram Sambat Calendar. Bikram Sambat calendar is also known as Vikram Sambat Calendar. Vikram Sambat calendar is mostly used in Nepal. Bikram Sambat calendar is official Calendar of Nepal. It is also used in some parts of India as well. The Vikram Samvat calendar is about 56.7 years ahead of the solar Gregorian calendar. Since, Bikram Sambat is a hindu calendar Nepali Calendar is also a hindu calendar. Nepali Calendar uses lunar months and sidereal years for timekeeping. The new year in Nepali Calendar begins with the month Baisakh, which falls in April and May months in Gregorian calendar. The year ends with the Chaitra month i.e. March, April in Gregorian Calendar.

Nepali Calendar consists of 12 months i.e. Baisakh, Jestha, Ashad, Shrawan, Bhadra, Ashoj, Kartik, Mangsir, Poush, Magh, Falgun Chaitra. The following table shows twelve months of Nepali Calender along with Nepali Month Name, Days of a Nepali Month and Corresponding Gregorian months. The length of each month is the time taken by the Sun to move through a full zodiac sign.

No. Name Nepali Days Corresponding Gregorian months
1 Baishakh बैशाख 30 / 31(30.950 exactly) mid-April to mid-May
2 Jestha जेष्ठ or जेठ 31 / 32(31.429 exactly) mid-May to mid-June
3 Ashadh आषाढ़ or असार 31 / 32(31.638 exactly) mid-June to mid-July
4 Shrawan श्रावण or साउन / सावन 31 / 32(31.463 exactly) mid-July to mid-August
5 Bhadra भाद्र or भदौ/भादो 31 / 32(31.012 exactly) mid-August to mid-September
6 Ashwin आश्विन or असोज or कुआर/क्वार 30 / 31(30.428 exactly) mid-September to mid-October
7 Kartik कार्तिक 29 / 30(29.879 exactly) mid-October to mid-November
8 Mangsir मार्ग or मंसिर/अगहन 29 / 30(29.475 exactly) mid-November to mid-December
9 Poush पौष or पुष/पूस 29 / 30(29.310 exactly) mid-December to mid-January
10 Magh माघ 29 / 30(29.457 exactly) mid-January to mid-February
11 Falgun फाल्गुन or फागुन 29 / 30(29.841 exactly) mid-February to mid-March
12 Chaitra चैत्र or चैत 30 / 31(30.377 exactly) mid-March to mid-April


Unlike western countries, there are 6 seasons in Nepal. In addition to Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring the two additional seasons in Nepal are Rainy Season and Pre-winter season. In Nepali they are Basanta Ritu, Grishma Ritu, Barsha Ritu, Sharad Ritu, Hemanta Ritu and Shishir Ritu. Chaitra and Baisakh are Spring season, Jestha and Ashad are Summer Season, Shrawan and Bhadra are Rainy Season, Ashoj and Kartik are Autumn Season, Mangsir and Poush are Pre Winter season. Magh and Falgun are Winter Season.

The most famous festival of Nepal is Dashain and Tihar. During the Dashain and Tihar there is a long holiday in Nepal. Others famous festivals of Nepal are Chaath Parba, Lhosar, Tamu Lhosar, Ghyalo Lhosar, Sonam Lhosar, Yomari Punhi, Urbhyauli parba, Indrajatra, Rakshya Bandhan, Janai Purnima, Mha Puja, Falgu Purnima, Chaite Dashain, Maghe Shakranti e.t.c. The common festivals are as follows Dashain, Tihar, Chaath, Lhosar, Teej, Buba ko mukh herne din, Aama ko mukh herne din, Maghe Shakranti, Mahashivaratri, Falgu Purnima, Ram Nawami, Ghode Jatra, Buddha Jayanti, Urbhyauli parba, Nepali New Year, Ganatantra diwas, Sahid Diwas, Dahi chewra khane din, Janai Purnima, Rakshya Bandhan, Shree krishna janmasthami, Rishi Panchami, Indrajatra, Tulashi Bibah, Haribodhini Ekadashi Brat, Urbhyauli parba, Yomari Punhi, Tamu Lhosar, Shree swasthani purnima, Sonam Lhosar, Sarashowati Puja, Shahid Diwas, Ghyalpo Lhosar, Womens Day e.t.c.